My photo
Islam means "submission to God in peace". Islam teaches there is only One God, whose primary name is "Allah" in the Arabic language. Islam is the same essential message given to all the prophets, from Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and finally to the Last Prophet, Muhammad, (peace be upon them all). They all proclaimed the same basic Divine message: worship only God, stop worshipping human beings and other created things There's a different between Islam and Muslims!! What's the purpose of life? What Do You Know About Islam? Not what you have heard about Islam, not what you have seen in the actions of some Muslims, but what do you really know about Islam?

Wednesday, April 6, 2011

Human Rights in Islam

All Praise is due to Allah and may Allah exalt the mention of
His Prophet and render him and his household, his
Companions, and those who follow their way safe from every
evil, and grant them security on the Day of Resurrection.
Every society must ensure for its citizens the rights that
guarantee for them their basic needs and security, and enable
them to feel a sense of belonging and attachment to the larger
social group. Individuals need to feel security and a sense of
belonging in order to perform their tasks and duties in a
satisfactory manner.
Presently, three distinct trends are discernable in our global
society. The first trend exaggerates the right of the individual
over the society. This trend gives the individual full freedom
to do as he pleases with minimal restrictions. Unfortunately
this leads to a chaotic social situation because when unlimited
freedom is granted to the individual, selfish desires
predominate and bring conflicting results. The entire society
suffers immensely from greed and selfishness. This trend is
found in the liberal democratic capitalist society.
The second trend, contrary to the above, advocates the rights
of the society over the individual. The latter is stripped of his
individual rights. Only rights that serve the ruling regime are
granted to the individuals, according to the dominant ideology
of the ruling class or group. This trend is prevalent in
communist and totalitarian societies.
The third trend, ideally neither emphasizes the right of the
society over the individual, nor the right of the individual over
the society. Each is given its due right in life according to the

given system. Rights and obligations are governed and
controlled by strict rules and conditions. In this trend, the
public interest is given priority over the interest of an
individual only in case of a serious conflict.
In this booklet we shall address human rights in the light of
perfectly balanced system of laws and principles of Islam.
These rights are based on revelations from the Divine Book of
Muslims, the Glorious Qur’an and from the Sunnah, the
practice of Allah’s Messenger () the two main sources of
Islamic life and jurisprudence. Both the Glorious Qur’an and
the Sunnah aim to produce an ideal individual in an ideal
society: all interact with each other to produce the harmony of
the individuals with Allah their Lord and Creator, with
themselves, others, the society in general, and other societies
all over the globe.
We firmly believe that the application of the individual and
social principles of the third trend, when guided by the perfect
revealed law from Allah in the Qur’an and Sunnah, will
definitely make humanity happier and more prosperous. The
application of these principles will enable the society to
achieve peace and security. These social rights and principles
are not a result of previous experiences, social ideologies,
temporary and immediate needs and/or political drives and
motives: rather they are from the Beneficent and the
Omniscient for man’s progress to happiness in this life and
salvation in the Hereafter
Our firm belief in the truth and justice of the Islamic rights
and principles is due to the fact that Allah, the Most Merciful
and only Creator of man, reveals them. He knows well what
suits His creation at all times, what benefits or harms man,
what makes him happy or sad, what makes him successful or

miserable. By His knowledge and beneficence He has
legislated what suits best and fulfills the essential needs of all
His creatures on earth and makes their lives successful, secure
and joyful.
The Glorious Qur’an, which was revealed and sent down
unto Muhammad () is the everlasting miracle that contains
the basics of these essential rules. The Sunnah, the practices of
Allah’s Messenger () which is the second source of Islamic
law, contains the detailed revealed guidance. These rules and
principles were set forth by Allah’s Messenger () some
fourteen hundred years ago in the best form and manner and
will remain relevant forever. Both, the Glorious Qur’an and
Sunnah (practices of Allah’s Messenger ) honor man and his
individual rights in the society. These sources of Islamic law
did not overlook the needs and rights of the society and the
public interest. In fact, The Almighty Allah states in the
Glorious Qur’an:
We have honored the sons of Adam; provided them
with transport on land and sea; given them for
sustenance things good and pure; and conferred on them
special favors, above a great part of Our Creation. (17:70)
Man will only gain this honor and privileges when he fulfills
his obligations and renders the rights due to their owners.
In order to execute the role of the special place on earth,
there is a need for specific tasks to be performed by specific
individuals. This concept is illustrated by the Almighty Allah
in the Glorious Qur’an:
It is He Who has made you (His) agents and inheritors
of the earth. He has raised you in ranks, some above
others, that He may try you in the gifts He has given you.

To read more, visit this link

No comments: